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The Inhibitory Effect of Ecklonia cava and Eisenia bicyclis Ethanol Extract on Histamine in Mackerel
The Inhibitory Effect of Ecklonia cava and Eisenia bicyclis Ethanol Extract on Histamine in Mackerel
Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters. 2014. Jan, 42(1): 93-98
Copyright © 2014, The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Received : October 31, 2013
  • Accepted : February 26, 2014
  • Published : January 28, 2014
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About the Authors
보람 김
꽃봉우리 김
민지 김
동현 김
슬아 정
보경 강
시우 박
원민 박
홍민 박
성미 임
영제 조
동현 안
dhahn@pknu.ac.kr

Abstract
본 연구에서는, 고등어 육을 감태와 대황 에탄올 추출물에 침지를 통하여 histamine 생성을 억제하는 것을 알아보았다. 에탄올 추출물을 처리한 고등어 필렛을 4℃에서 25일 동안 저장하면서 생균수, histamine 함량, pH, VBN 함량을 측정하였다. 무처리구와 처리구 모두, 시간이 지남에 따라 생균수는 지속적으로 증가하였으나, 25일차까지 대황 및 감태 침지 처리구는 무처리 보다 약 2 log cycle 정도 균의 생육이 억제되었다. Histamine 함량의 경우 감태 및 대황 침지 처리구는 5일차에 115 및 96 ppm을 나타내어 무처리구 384 ppm에 비해 histamine 생성이 억제되는 것을 확인하였다. pH의 경우 감태 및 대황 에탄올 추출물에 침지한 처리구가 저장 기간이 증가함에 따라 무처리구에 비해 pH가 크게 증가하지 않았다. VBN 함량은 저장 10일차에, 모든 처리구에서 크게 증가하였고, 특히 무처리구가 50 mg/100 g로 가장 크게 증가하였고 감태 및 대황 침지 처리구는 각각 42, 41 mg/100 g의 함량을 나타내어 무처리구에 비해 유의적으로 감소하였다. 이상의 결과들을 종합해 볼 때, 감태 및 대황 에탄올 추출물이 저장기간 동안 고등어육내의 histamine 생성량을 감소시켜 고등어의 품질보존에 효과가 있을 것으로 사료된다.
Keywords
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Acknowledgements
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (No. 2013R1A1A2009906).
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