All chemicals were commercially purchased and used without further purification. Elemental analyses (C, H, N) were performed on a Carlo Erba EA-1106 Elemental Analyzer. IR spectrum was recorded in the range 400-4000 cm
on a Mattson Polaris FT-IR Spectrophotometer using KBr pellets. The initial and final pH of the reaction was measured using Sentron 1001 pH meter.
A mixture of CoCO
O (0.059 g, 0.5 mmol), HO
H (0.052 g, 0.5 mmol), 1,10-phen (0.180 g, 1.0 mmol), and water (9 ml, 500 mmol) in the mole ratio 1:1:2:1000 was placed in a 23 ml Teflon-lined Parr acid digestion bomb and heated for 2 d at 150 ℃ under autogenous pressure. After the mixture was removed from the oven and allowed to cool under ambient conditions for 3 d, the red needles of
suitable for X-ray diffraction were isolated in 20% (0.06 g) yield based on cobalt. Initial pH, 4; final pH, 5. Anal. Calcd. for C
: C, 50.99; H, 4.11; N, 9.15 . Found: C, 50.92; H, 4.15; N, 9.18. IR (KBr pellet, cm
): 3409(s), 1628(m), 1565(s), 1517(m), 1422(s), 1385(m), 849(m), 724(m), 646(m).
X-ray diffraction data of the single crystal was collected at 293(2) K on an ADSC Quantum 210 detector at Beam-line 4A MXW of Pohang Light Source. The crystal evaluation and data collection were done using 0.77001 Åwavelength radiation with a detector-to-crystal distance of 6.0 cm. Preliminary cell constants and an orientation matrix were determined from 36 sets of frames collected at scan intervals of 5° with an exposure time of 1 s per frame. The basic scale file was obtained from program HKL2000.
The reflections were successfully indexed by the automated indexing routine of the DENZO program. A total of 29,499 reflections were harvested by collecting 72 sets of frames with 5° scans with an exposure time of 1 second per frame. This highly redundant data set was corrected for Lorentz and polarization effects, and a (negligible) correction for crystal decay was also applied. The space group P-1 was determined by the program XPREP (ver. 6.12, Bruker-AXS). The structure was solved by direct method
and refined on
by full-matrix leastsquares procedures.
All non-hydrogen atoms were refined using anisotropic thermal parameters. Hydrogen atoms were included in the structure factor calculation at idealized positions by using riding model, but not refined. A summary of the experimental and crystallographic data for compound
is presented in
Crystal data and structure refinement for1
Crystal data and structure refinement for 1
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The hydrothermal reaction of CoCO
H, 1,10-phen, and water in the mole ratio 1:1:1:1000 at 150 for 2 d yielded the title compound in 20% yield as red needles. The malonic acid present in the initial reaction mixture was not found in the crystalline product. It is not uncommon for necessary reactants in hydrothermal processes to be absent from the product, while their specific role in complexation remains elusive.
It may be that malonic acid acts to form the bicarbonate ion (HCO
The formal valence of cobalt atom on the basis of overall charge consideration in the formula is Co(III). The oxidation state is conformed from bond valence calculations.
(a) ORTEP representation of the complex, [Co(phen)2(CO3)]-H2CO3·4H2O at 30% probability and (b) packing digram showing the hydrgen bonds in the unit cell (hydrogen atoms were omitted for clarity).
As shown in
(a), the structure of
contains a six-coordinated cobalt atom chelated by two phen ligands and one carbonate anion. The cobalt center has a distorted octahedral geometry and is surrounded by four nitrogen atoms of two phen (N(1)-N(4)) and the two oxygen atoms of carbonato ligand, O(1) and O(2). The bite angles of phen and carbonato chelate rings to the cobalt atom are ca. 83.79(9)° and 69.63(8)°, respectively, which are almost the same with other complexes.
The small bite of the CO
ligand produces a significant distortion from a regular octahedron, with other angles also deviating from 90 or 180° (
). Cobalt-nitrogen bond distances (Co-N1 1.938(2), Co-N2 1.962(2)Å) are in agreement with 1.936(15)Å found in [Co(NH
It is also known that a Co-N bond distance of approximately 1.9Å is characteristic of Co(III) and is about 0.18Å shorter than the corresponding distance in Co(II) complexes.
The bond distances of Co-N2 and Co-N4 which are
to the carbonato ligand are slightly longer than those of Co-N1 and Co-N3 which are
to the carbonato ligand. This can be interpreted on the basis of the
effect to oxygen atoms of carbonato ligand. The Co-O bond distances (ca. 1.89Å) of carbonato ligand are consistent with bidentate coordination found in the other [Co(phen)
The C-O bond distances of carbonato ligand reveal two longer C-O
bonds (ca. 1.322(3)Å) and the shorter C-O
bond (1.223(3)Å). The two coordinated oxygens have more single bond character than the unbound oxygen. Thus, this result is not at all surprising. However, the shorter bond distances of C-O (1.153(6)-1.209(6)Å) in the bicarbonate acting as a counter ion are distinguished from those of carbonato ligand. The bond disatance of C26-O6 (1.209(6)Å) is longer than those of C26-O4 (1.153(6)Å) and C26-O5 (1.193(5)Å), indicating that the oxygen atom, O6 is protonated. The rest of the C-N and C-C bond distances of the phen ligand are all considered normal and agree well with those found in other complexes.
The mononuclear structure of
is further expended through weak hydrogen bonds between carbon atoms of 1,10-phen ring and oxygen atoms of uncoordinated water (C2-H2⋯O10 d(D⋯A)=3.512(4)Å ∠(D-H⋯A)=175°, C12-H12⋯O9Å d(D⋯A)=3.264(4)Å ∠(D-H⋯A)=141°, and C24-H24⋯O10 (1-x, 1-y, 1-z) d(D⋯A)=3.270(4)Å ∠(D-H⋯A)=134°) or bicarbonate ions (C3-H3⋯O4 d(D⋯A)=3.214(6)Å ∠(D-H⋯A)=164°, C14-H14⋯O5 d(D⋯A)=3.316(6))Å ∠(D-H⋯A)=137°), respectively. In addition, there is two types of intramolecular hydrogen bonds between carbon atoms of 1,10-phen ring and oxygen atoms of carbonate ion (C1-H1⋯O1 d(D⋯A)=2.928(3)Å ∠(D-H⋯A)=110° and C13-H13⋯O2 d(D⋯A)=3.002(3)Å ∠(D-H⋯A)=109°). The packing diagram showing hydrogen bonds is shown in
Selected bond lengths (Å) and angles (°) for1
Selected bond lengths (Å) and angles (°) for 1
The IR spectrum of the title compound show characteristic band at 1628 cm
for the C=O stretching vibration. The absence of the carbonyl peak near 1700 cm
for the carbonic acid indicates the presence of carbonate and/or bicarbonate ion in the formula.
The strong absorption band at 3409 cm
is assigned to the ν(OH) of uncoordinated water molecules.
In conclusion, we have synthesized a new title compound [Co(phen)
O from the reaction mixtures of CoCO
H, 1,10-phen, and water by hydrothermal reaction. It is noteworthy that the complex is the first example of cobalt(III) complex with both carbonate and bicarbonate ion in the crystal structure.
Crystallographic data for the structure reported here have been deposited with the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (Deposition NO. CCDC-647828). The data can be obtained free of charge via
X-ray data was obtained from the Pohang Light Source, Rep. of Korea. We thank the staff at beamline 4A MXW of Pohang Light Source for assistance during data collection.
Sander M. B.
Huang X. Y.
Johnson J. K.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
DOI : 10.1021/ja0392871
Seo J. S.
Jun S. I.
Jeon Y. J.
DOI : 10.1038/35010088
J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans.
Sheldrick G. M.
SHELXS97-2 and SHELXL97-2
University of Gottingen
Brown I. D.
Structure and Bonding in Crystals
vol. II, pp. 1-30.