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Synthesis of Potential Anticancer 6-Allylthio-3-aminopyridazine Derivatives
Synthesis of Potential Anticancer 6-Allylthio-3-aminopyridazine Derivatives
Journal of the Korean Chemical Society. 2007. Jun, 51(3): 244-250
Copyright © 2007, The Korean Chemical Society
  • Received : February 05, 2007
  • Published : June 20, 2007
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Eun-Hee Park
Myung-Sook Park

Abstract
A series of new 6-allylthio-3-aminopyridazine derivatives was synthesized through allylthiolation, amination and expected for anti-tumor activity. The pyridazine nucleus was obtained by condensing hydrazine monohydrate with maleic anhydride. 3,6-Dichloropyridazine was synthesized from 3,6-dihydroxypyridazine by treating with POCl 3 . 6-Allylthio-3-chloropyridazine was prepared from the reaction of 3,6-dichloropyridazine with allylmercaptan and sodium hydroxide. The heterocycles with nitrogen nucleophile such as morpholine, piperazine, pyrazole, imidazole, pyrrolidine, piperidine, perhydroazepine, and perhydroazocine were introduced into 3-position of pyridazine ring. The substitution reaction of 6-allylthio-3-chloropyridazine with heteroamines was performed by refluxing for 24~48 h in n -buthanol with NH 4 Cl.
Keywords
INTRODUCTION
Aminopyridazines constitute an important pharmacophoric moiety present in many drugs acting on various pharmacological targets. 1 - 5 In particular, the aminopyridazine nucleus is found in dopaminergic, seretoninergic, cholinergic, and GABAergic ligands, as well as in monoamine oxidase and acetylcholine esterase inhibitors.
Other pyridazine derivatives A at the 3-position of the 6-allylthiopyridazine introduced by oxygen or sulfur and nitrogen have been synthesized. 6 3-Alkoxy-6-allylthiopyridazines and 3-alkylthio-6-allylthiopyridazines showed especially good hepatoprotective and antitumor activities ( 1 ). 6 The allylthio group was considered a pharmacophore, a key structural component for biological activity.
The isosteric replacement of the exo oxygen (or sulfur) of compound A by a nitrogen atom yielded the aminopyridazines ( 1 ). We have recently reported the synthesis of N -acylated 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine derivatives through amination and acylation. 7 Kwon et al . reported the synthesis of 3-allylthio-6-heterocyclylaminopyridazines and their antitumor activities. 8 We became interested in synthesis of 3-aminopyridazines through coupling of pyridazinyl chloride with secondary amines known to give new heterocyclic pyridazines.
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Reported Alkoxy (or alkylthio)-allylthiopyridazines.
Activated aryl halides react well with ammonia and with primary and secondary amines to give the corresponding arylamines. The reaction of aryl halide with a secondary amine is not only important for the synthesis of tertiary amines, but is also essential for the preparation of a number of pharmaceuticals. Many reports have been published on the nucleophilic amination of aryl halides. 10
Even though the synthetic pathway for 3-aminopyridazines were developed by Wermuth et al ., 4 Contreras et al ., 2 , 5b Parrot et al ., 9 the synthesis of 6-allylthiopyridazines has not been reported until now. We applied a general method of preparing aminopyridazines from pyridazinyl halides and secondary amines. 4 The key intermediates in these preparation are pyridazinyl chlorides 2a-b , which can be readily obtained from the corresponding 3,6-dichloropyridazine 1a-b by reaction with allylmercaptan. Condensation of the pyridazinyl chlorides 2a-b with various secondary amines gave the final products 3-10 ( 1 ). The tetrahydrophthalazine 1b was prepared according to the literature. 6a
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Synthetic Routes for Target Compounds 3~10.
Synthesis of 3-allylthio-6-heterocyclopyridazine (3a, b~10a,b)
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Synthesis of 3-allylthio-6-heterocyclopyridazine (3a, b~10a,b)
EXPERIMENTAL
Chemicals were supplied by Aldrich, Sigma, Merck, and Tokyo Kasei. Melting points were determined in open capillary tubes on a Büchi 535 melting point apparatus and uncorrected. The NMR spectra were recorded using Bruker 300 MHz NMR spectrometer. Chemical shift values were reported in parts per million on the scale in deuteriochloroform or dimethyl-d 6 sulfoxide with tetramethylsilane as the internal standard. The NMR spin multiplicities were indicated by the symbols: s (singlet), d (doublet), t (triplet), q (quartet) and m (multiplet). IR spectra were recorded on a Perkin-Elmer FT-IR spectrometer using NaCl discs and pellets. The Mass fragmentations were recorded using Agilent 6890 GC and 5973 MS. Low and high-resolution FABMS (positive ion mode) mass spectra were determined on a JEOL 700 mass spectrometer.
- General procedure for the synthesis of compounds 2a-b
Sodium hydroxide (2 g, 50 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (50 mL) and then mixed with allyl mercaptane (4 mL, 50 mmol). To this mixture was added 3,6-dichloropyridazine (7.5 g, 50 mmol). The reaction solution was stirred at room temperature for 30 min-1h. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with water and brine, and dried over Na 2 SO 4 . After solvent evaporation, the residue was purified by recrystallization in ethanol.
6-Allylthio-3-chloropyridazine (2a). Yield: 95%. mp: 47-52 ℃, R f 0.50 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 2:1). Recrystn. Solvent dil -ethanol. 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 7.29(s, 2H, pyridazine), 6.03-5.94 (m, 1H, =CH), 5.36(d, J =16.8 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.16(d, J =9.3 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.98(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 1621.27, 153.70, 128.27, 127.32(pyridazine), 132.41, 118.80, 33.09(allyl). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 3447, 3060, 1564, 1420, 1265, 1034. GC-MS m/z (%) 188.6(M+) 171.1(100), 173.0(51.9), 73.1(27.8), 118.1(22.4), 153.1(21.7).
1-Allylthio-4-chloro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrophthalazine (2b). Yield: 92%. mp 40-43 ℃. R f 0.56 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 3:1). Recrystn. Solvent dil -ethanol. 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 6.06-5.97(m, 1H, =CH), 5.35(d, J =16.8 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.14(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.99(d, J =7.2 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 2.68(s, 2H, CH 2 ), 2.54(s, 2H, CH 2 ), 1.84(s, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2). 13 C NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 161.23, 155.19, 135.62, 134.66 (pyridazine), 138.05, 118.81, 33.06(allyl), 26.32, 25.33, 21.63, 21.44(-CH 2 -×4). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 3452, 3053, 1549, 1265, 738. GC-MS m/z (%) 225.1(M+) 227.1(100.0), 207.1(88.9), 226.0(75.4), 39.2(48.3).
- General procedure for the synthesis of compounds 3-10
A solution of 3-allylthio-6-chloropyridazine (0.75 g, 4 mmol) and the appropriate amine (12 mmol) and ammonium chloride (0.21g, 4 mmol) in n -butanol (10 mL) were refluxed for 24-48 h. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with water and brine, and dried over Na 2 SO 4 . After solvent evaporation, the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel.
6-Allylthio-3-morpholinopyridazine (3a). Yield: 53%. mp 32-34 ℃. R f 0.38(hexanes: ethyl acetate, 1:1). 1 H NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 7.14(d, J =9.5 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.82(d, J =9.5 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.02-5.96(m, 1H, =CH), 5.29(d, J =16.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.11(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.93(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.84(t, J =4.8 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, morpholine), 3.57-3.54(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, morpholine). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 158.75, 152.13, 128.39, 118.19(pyridazine), 133.93, 113.95, 33.77(allyl), 66.88, 46.00(morpholine). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 2963, 2852, 1632, 1428, 1241. GC-MS m/z (%) 237.3(M+) 222.2(100.0), 237.1(18.2), 223.1(13.8), 204.2(12.1), 236.2(7.0).
1-Allylthio-4-morpholino-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrophthalazine (3b). Yield: 54%. mp 93-97 ℃. R f 0.28 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 1:1). 1 H NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 6.10-6.01(m, 1H, =CH), 5.33(d, J =16.3 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.13(d, J =10.0 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.99(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.85(t, J =4.5 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, morpholine), 3.23(t, J =4.5 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, morpholine), 2.59(t, J =6.0 Hz, 2H, CH 2 ), 2.53(t, J =6.3 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ), 1.88-1.74(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 160.90, 157.11, 134.12, 130.71(pyridazine), 136.37, 118.12, 32.88(allyl), 67.39, 50.65(morpholine), 25.48, 25.22, 22.07, 21.99(-CH 2 -×4). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 2952, 2856, 1635, 1421, 1254. GC-MS m/z (%) 291.4(M+) 276.2(100.0), 291.2(22.3), 277.2(20.2), 258.2(10.3), 234.1(8.1).
6-Allylthio-3-piperazinopyridazine (4a). Yield: 18.1%. mp 26-28 ℃. R f 0.07 (hexanes: ethyl acetate: methanol, 1:1:0.5). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 7.10(d, J =9.5 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.47(d, J =9.3 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.05-5.94(m, 1H, =CH), 5.28(d, J =16.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.10(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.91(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.56(t, J =5.0 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, piperazine), 2.99(t, J =5.0 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, piperazine), 1.98(s, 1H, NH). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 158.86, 151.41, 128.33, 118.10(pyridazine), 134.03, 114.06, 33.83(allyl), 46.76, 46.06(piperazine). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 3054, 2986, 1422, 1265. GC-MS m/z (%) 236.35(M+) 168.1(100.0), 221.1(91.9), 180.1(48.5), 236.1(36.5), 194.1(15.3).
1-Allylthio-4-piperazino-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrophthalazine (4b). Yield: 66%. Oil. R f 0.03 (hexanes: ethyl acetate: methanol, 1:1:0.5). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 6.12-5.99(m, 1H, =CH), 5.32(d, J =17.2 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.12(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.99(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.18(t, J =8.0 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, piperazine), 3.03(t, J =4.8 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, piperazine), 2.59(t, J =5.8 Hz, 2H, CH 2 ), 2.52(t, J =6.4 Hz, 2H, CH 2 ), 2.16(s, 1H, NH), 1.89-1.80(m, 2H, CH 2 ), 1.77-1.69(m, 2H, CH 2 ). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 161.40, 156.73, 134.18, 130.86(pyridazine), 136.20, 118.04, 32.85(allyl), 51.60, 46.52(piperazine), 29.04, 28.83, 25.46, 25.21(-CH 2 -×4). FT-IR(NaCl) cm -1 2940, 2839, 1636, 1404, 1257. GC-MS m/z (%) 290.4(M+) 275.2(100.0), 222.1(42.1), 234.1(36.3), 290.2(33.9), 276.2(18.0).
6-Allylthio-3-pyrazolopyridazine (5a). Yield: 31%. mp 93-94 ℃. R f 0.26(hexanes: ethyl acetate, 10:1). 1 H NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 8.71(d, J =2.4 Hz, 1H, pyrazole), 8.04(d, J =9.2 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 7.78(d, J =1.2 Hz, 1H, pyrazole), 7.45(d, J =9.2 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.52(t, J =2.1 Hz, 1H, pyrazole), 6.11-5.97(m, 1H, =CH), 5.37(d, J =16.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.18(d, J =10.0 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 4.02(d, J =6.8 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 160.25, 152.87, 129.11, 127.41(pyridazine), 133.12, 118.92, 33.56(allyl), 143.16, 117.85, 109.17(pyrazole). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 3053, 2986, 1582, 1444, 1265. GC-MS m/z (%) 218.2(M+) 203.0(100.0), 218.0(17.9), 96.0(17.8), 69.0(12.3), 204.0(12.0).
6-Allylthio-3-imidazolopyridazine (6a). Yield: 33%. mp 93-94 ℃. R f 0.50 (hexanes: ethyl acetate: methanol, 1:1:0.5). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 8.37(s, 1H, imidazole), 7.71(s, 1H, imidazole), 7.48(d, J =9.2 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 7.40(d, J =9.2 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 7.25(s, 1H, imidazole), 6.09-5.96(m, 1H, =CH), 5.38(d, J =16.3 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.19(d, J =10.0 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 4.03(d, J =6.8 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 161.14, 150.16, 132.82, 131.74(pyridazine), 135.00, 129.23, 33.55(allyl), 119.18, 117.29, 116.34 (imidazole). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 3053, 2984, 1636, 1431, 1265. GC-MS m/z (%) 218.2(M+) 203.1(100.0), 204.1(12.7), 185.1(9.5), 96.0(9.1), 218.1(7.0).
6-Allylthio-3-pyrrolidinopyridazine (7a). Yield: 55%. mp 53-56 ℃. R f 0.39 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 1:1). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 7.06(d, J =9.3 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.53(d, J =9.3 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.02-5.99(m, 1H, =CH), 5.25(d, 1H, J =17.1 Hz, CH 2 =), 5.08(d, J =10.1 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.90(d, J =6.6 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.50(t, J =5.2 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, pyrrolidine), 2.08-1.97(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, pyrrolidine), 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 156.38, 148.91, 128.35, 117.82(pyridazine), 134.36, 113.29, 34.12(allyl), 47.02, 25.79(pyrrolidine), FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 2970, 2864, 1636, 1452, 1265. GC-MS m/z (%) 221.3(M+) 206.2(100.0), 221.1(20.2), 188.2(14.8), 207.1(13.3), 70.1(11.1).
1-Allylthio-4-pyrrolidino-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrophthalazine (7b). Yield: 75%. mp 28-30 ℃. R f 0.25 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 5:1). 1 H NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 6.13-5.99(m, 1H, =CH), 5.31(d, J =17.0 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.10(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.97(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.51(t, J =7.2 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, pyrrolidine), 2.59(t, J =5.3 Hz, 2H, CH 2 ), 2.51(t, J =5.7 Hz, 2H, CH 2 ), 1.95-1.91(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, pyrrolidine), 1.84-1.79(m, 2H, CH 2 ), 1.74-1.69(m, 2H, CH 2 ). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 159.53, 153.39, 134.56, 127.38(pyridazine), 135.73, 117.78, 32.96(allyl), 50.42, 25.89(pyrrolidine), 26.95, 25.48, 22.42, 21.82(-CH 2 -×4). FT-IR(NaCl) cm -1 2940, 2865, 1635, 1410, 1291. GC-MS m/z (%) 275.4(M+) 260.2(100.0), 275.2(20.3), 261.2(18.2), 242.2(10.0), 70.1(7.7).
6-Allylthio-3-piperidinopyridazine (8a). Yield: 47%. mp 25-26 ℃. R f 0.36(hexanes: ethyl acetate, 3:1). 1 H NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 7.06(d, J =9.4 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.83(d, J =9.4 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.02-5.96(m, 1H, =CH), 5.27(d, 1H, J =16.8 Hz, CH 2 =), 5.09(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.91(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.57(s, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, piperidine), 1.65(s, 2H×3, CH 2 ×3, piperidine), 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 158.70, 150.33, 158.24, 117.95(pyridazine), 134.66, 114.11, 33.85(allyl), 46.74, 25.66, 24.88 (piperidine). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 2933, 2852, 1635, 1430, 1248. GC-MS m/z (%) 235.3(M+) 220.2(100.0), 235.2(20.8), 84.2(14.7), 221.2(14.6), 202.2(13.3).
1-Allylthio-4-piperidino-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrophthalazine (8b). Yield: 34.5%. mp 29-31 ℃. R f 0.14 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 10:1). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 6.13-5.99(m, 1H, =CH), 5.32(d, J =17.6 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.12(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.99(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.13(t, J =5.1 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, piperidine), 2.60-2.49(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2), 1.87-1.81(m, 2H, CH 2 ), 1.76-1.62(m, 2H×3+2H, CH 2 ×3+CH 2 ). 13 C NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 162.20, 156.26, 134.36, 131.07 (pyridazine), 135.97, 117.97, 32.87(allyl), 51.56, 26.57, 25.04(piperidine), 25.25, 24.82, 22.19, 22.11(-CH 2 -×4). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 2934, 2857, 1636, 1403, 1254. GC-MS m/z (%) 289.4(M+) 274.2(100.0), 289.2(22.16), 275.2(20.4), 84.2(11.7), 256.2(9.9).
6-Allylthio-3-perhydroazepinopyridazine (9a). Yield: 45%. Oil. R f 0.18 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 5:1). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 7.05(d, J =9.5 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.67(d, J =9.5 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.08-5.94(m, 1H, =CH), 5.26(d, J =16.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.09(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.91(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.67(t, J =5.9 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, perhydroazepine), 1.81-1.78(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, perhydroazepine), 1.59-1.52(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, perhydroazepine). 13 C NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 157.42, 148.88, 128.43, 117.89(pyridazine), 134.32, 112.26, 34.08(allyl), 48.10, 27.93, 27.38(perhydroazepine). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 2930, 2855, 1636, 1429, 1265. GC-MS m/z (%) 249.3(M+) 234.2(100.0), 249.2(22.3), 235.2(15.7), 216.2(10.5), 206.1(9.6).
1-Allylthio-4-perhydroazepino-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrophthalazine (9b). Yield: 28%. Oil. R f 0.11 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 10:1). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 6.10-5.99(m, 1H, =CH), 5.31(d, J =16.9 Hz, 2H, CH 2 =), 5.11(d, J =9.1 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.99(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.43(t, J =5.7 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, perhydroazepine), 2.56-2.49(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2), 1.85-1.67(m, 2H×4+2H×2, perhydroazepine×4+CH 2 ). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 162.52, 154.52, 134.02, 129.59 (pyridazine), 135.68, 117.56, 32.57(allyl), 52.71, 28.99, 27.18(perhydroazepine), 26.26, 25.11, 22.00, 21.57(-CH 2 -×4). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 2931, 2862, 1636, 1424, 1265. HRMS (FAB, M+H) Calcd for C 17 H 25 N 3 S 303.5, found 304.2607.
6-Allylthio-3-perhydroazocinopyridazine (10a). Yield: 31%. Oil. R f 0.15 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 10:1). 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 7.06(d, J =9.5 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.66(d, J =9.5 Hz, 1H, pyridazine), 6.06-5.95(m, 1H, =CH), 5.26(d, J =16.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.09(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.91(d, J =6.9 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.66(t, J =5.7 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, perhydroazocine), 1.82-1.74(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, perhydroazocine), 1.60-1.50(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×3, perhydroazocine). 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ 156.64, 148.46, 127.93, 117.51(pyridazine), 133.95, 112.13, 33.75(allyl), 49.17, 27.03, 26.49(perhydroazocine). FT-IR (NaCl) cm -1 3053, 2986, 1635, 1421, 1265. GC-MS m/z (%) 263.4(M+) 248.2(100.0), 263.2(21.7), 249.2(17.1), 180.1(10.1), 230.2(7.2).
1-Allylthio-4-perhydroazocino-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrophthalazine (10b). Yield: 5%. Oil. R f 0.7 (hexanes: ethyl acetate, 3:1). 1 H NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 6.12-5.99(m, 1H, =CH), 5.31(d, J =17.7 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 5.11(d, J =9.9 Hz, 1H, CH 2 =), 3.99(d, J =7.0 Hz, 2H, SCH 2 ), 3.49(t, J =5.8 Hz, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2, perhydroazocine), 2.58-2.49(m, 2H×2, CH 2 ×2), 1.85-1.64(m, 2H×5+2H×2, perhydroazocine +CH 2 ×2). 13 C NMR(CDCl 3 ) δ 160.58, 153.08, 132.99, 128.26 (pyridazine), 134.56, 116.53, 31.59(allyl), 51.03, 26.74, 26.48, 23.88(perhydroazocine), 25.39, 24.17, 21.00, 20.48(-CH 2 -×4). FT-IR(NaCl) cm -1 2928, 2863, 1636, 1411, 1264. HRMS(FAB, M+H) Calcd for C 18 H 27 N 3 S 317.52, found 318.2657.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
A series of 6-allylthio-3-heterocyclopyridazines 3a,b~10a,b were prepared by allylthiolation and nucleophilic substitution. The heterocycles with a nitrogen nucleophile such as morpholine, piperazine, pyrazole, imidazole, piperidine, pyrrolidine, perhydroazepine and perhydroazocine were introduced into the 3-position of the pyridazine ring ( 1 ). Here, we present our results concerning the substitution reaction of 3-chloro-6-allylthiopyridazine by nitrogen heterocycle, which produced 6-allylthio-3-heterocyclopyridazines.
For the synthesis of pyridazine 3 , 6-allylthio-3-chloropyridazine 2 was converted to 6-allylthio-3-aminopyridazine 3 by nucleophilic aromatic substitution with nitrogen heterocycle in the presence of ammonium chloride. The ammonium chloride assisted coupling of various nitrogen heterocycles with 6-allylthio-3-chloropyridazine 2 resulted in nucleophilic substitution. The amination reactions of 3-chloropyridazine 2 with a range of amines are found in 1 .
The nucleophilic displacement of chlorine in 6-allylthio-3-chloropyridazine 2 requires prolonged reaction time at the reflux temperature of n -butanol. A typical reaction was that a mixture of nitrogen heterocycle (12mmol), 6-allylthio-3-chloropyridazine (4 mmol), and ammonium chloride (4 mmol) in n -butanol were stirred under reflux for 24~48 h. The reaction was carried out using 1: 3 equivalents of 6-allylthio-3-chloropyridazine: nitrogen heterocycle.
In the proposed mechanism of substitution reaction of amine nucleophile, the secondary amine added to the pyridazine nucleus to form a tertiary ammonium intermediate and proton transfer from nitrogen to chloride produced a hydrochloride. A molecule of hydrochloride was eliminated due to nucleophilic addition at the carbon of the pyridazine nucleus and new C-N bond formed. For additional amination, halides 2 were converted to compounds 3-10 by eliminating hydrochloride.
The mono-allylthiolation from 3,6-dichloropyridazines 1a-b to 6-allylthio-3-chloropyridazine 2a,b gave high yields. Reactions of dichloropyridazines with allylmercaptan occurred in yields of more than 91%. Pyridazine halide and piperazine were reacted in the presence of ammonium chloride in n -butanol to form the corresponding amine products relatively in good yields ( 1 , entry 4b ). Similarly, perhydroazepine and perhydroazocine were converted into corresponding aminopyridazine derivatives in somewhat lower yields ( 1 , entries 9b and trace amount of 10b ) because steric hindrance between tetrahydrophthalazine ring and the large (seven- or eight-membered) heterocyclic ring.
The formation of C-N bond in aminopyridazines was accomplished using NH 4 Cl for 24~48h in n -butanol. Pyridazines were identified by NMR, IR, GC-MS, and HRMS. The pyridazine NMR peak of 3a,b-10a,b appeared at 6.47-6.89 and 7.05-7.14 ppm, and the allyl peak appeared at 5.08-5.19, 5.25-5.38, and 5.94-6.09 ppm. The pyridazine 13 C NMR peak appeared at 118, 128, 152, and 158 ppm. The allylthio 13 C NMR peak appeared at 33, 113, and 133 ppm.
In conclusion, we synthesized new 6-allylthio-3-heterocyclopyridazine derivatives in order to discover a potential antitumor candidate. The refluxing of 6-allylthio-3-chloropyridazines and the corresponding nucleophilic heterocycle such as morpholine, piperazine, pyrazole, imidazole, piperidine, pyrrolidine, perhydroazepine and perhydroazocine for about 24~48h produced the target compound. The resulted compound will be tested about antitumor activity.
Acknowledgements
This work was supported by the Research fund of Duksung Women’s University.
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