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Kinetics on the Reaction of Substituted Quinolines and p-Substituted Benzoylchlorides under Various Pressures
Kinetics on the Reaction of Substituted Quinolines and p-Substituted Benzoylchlorides under Various Pressures
Journal of the Korean Chemical Society. 2003. Jun, 47(3): 206-212
  • Published : June 20, 2003
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Lim, Jong-Wan
Kim, Se-Kyong

Abstract
The reaction rates of substituted quinolines (6-Clqui., qui.) with p-substituted benzoylchlorides $(p-CH_3,\;p-H,\;p-NO_2)$ have been measured by conductometry in acetonitrile, and the rate constants are determined at various temperatures (10, 15, 20, $25^{\circ}C$) and pressures (1, 200, 500, 1000 bar). From the values of rate constants, the activation parameters $(Ea,\;{\Delta}V^{\neq},\;{\Delta}H^{\neq},\;{\Delta}S^{\neq}, \;{\Delta}G^{\neq})$and the pressure dependence of Hammett �� values were determined. The rate constants increased with increasing temperatures and pressures, and are further increased to introduction to the electron acceptor substituents in substrate $(p-NO_2)$ with quinoline. The activation volume and the activation entropy are all negative. And the Hammett p values are negative for nucleophile ${\rho}_X$ and positive for the substrate ${\rho}_Y$ over the pressure range studied. The results of kinetic studies for pressure and substituent show that these reactions proceed through a typical $S_N2$ reaction mechanism and "associative $S_N2$" favoring bond formation with increasing pressures.
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