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A Study on PTC/NTC Behavior of Fluorinated Carbon Black-filled HDPE Matrix Compounds
A Study on PTC/NTC Behavior of Fluorinated Carbon Black-filled HDPE Matrix Compounds
Journal of the Korean Chemical Society. 2003. Apr, 47(2): 147-154
  • Published : April 20, 2003
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Park, Soo-Jin
Song, Su-Wan
Seo, Min-Kang
Shin, Jae-Sup
Kim, Kyuchul

Abstract
In this study, the fluorinated carbon blacks(CB) were used to reduce the negative temperature coefficient (NTC) phenomenon of the CB-filled high density polyethylene(HDPE) compounds in the fluorination pressure of 0.1-0.4 MPa. The changes in surface properties of the CB were investigated by using FT-IR, XPS and contact angle measurements. From the FT-IR results, the fluorinated CB showed the C-F absorption peak at 1400-1000 cm$^{-1}$ and the peak intensity was increased with increasing the fluorination pressure. Also, the analysis of XPS spectra of the fluorinated CB indicated that fluorine content was increased with increasing the fluorination pressure. Meanwhile, the surface free energy of the fluorinated CB was decreased with increasing the fluorination pressure. Consequently, the increase of fluorine contents on CB made a disappearance of NTC behaviors of CB/HDPE compounds, which was probably due to the reduction of CB reaggregation after melting point of the HDPE, resulting from decreasing the surface free energy of CB particles.
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