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Preparation and Characterization of p-Styrenesulfonates of Isopropylidene Dicyclohexanol as Acid Amplifiers to Enhance the Photosensitivity of Positive-Working Photoresists
Preparation and Characterization of p-Styrenesulfonates of Isopropylidene Dicyclohexanol as Acid Amplifiers to Enhance the Photosensitivity of Positive-Working Photoresists
Journal of the Korean Chemical Society. 2002. Oct, 46(5): 437-471
  • Published : October 20, 2002
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Lee, Eun-Ju
Hong, Kyong-Il
Im, Kwon-Taek
Jeong, Yong-Seok
Hong, Seong-Su
Jeong, Yeon-Tae

Abstract
The photosensitivity enhancement of photoresist achieved by the addition of acid amplifiers stems from the autocatalytic decomposition of the acid amplifiers triggered by acidic species generated from a photoacid gen-erator. In this research we synthesized and evaluated 4-hydroxy-4'-p-styrenesulfonyloxy isopropylidene dicyclohex-ane(1), 4,4'-di-p-styrenesulfonyloxy isopropylidene dicyclohexane(2) and 4-p-styrenesulfonyloxy-4'-tosyloxy isopropylidene dicyclohexane(3) as novel acid amplifiers. These acid amplifiers(1-3) showed reasonable thermal stability for resist pro-cessing temperature. As estimated by the sensitivity curve, 1-3 were 2X-12X sensitive than poly(tert-butyl meth-acrylate) film in the presence of a photoacid generator and, therefore, provides practical applicability for photoimaging.
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