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Effect of Ureas on the Conformational Properties of Poly(ethylene oxide) in Aqueous Solutions by Viscometry
Effect of Ureas on the Conformational Properties of Poly(ethylene oxide) in Aqueous Solutions by Viscometry
Journal of the Korean Chemical Society. 1995. Aug, 39(8): 666-671
  • Published : August 00, 1995
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Ra, Seung Chang
Yoon, Byeong Jip
Jeon, Sang Il

Abstract
The conformational properties of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) in aqueous solutions are studied by viscometry with respect to the water structure perturbing capabilities of a series of urea solutes at $16^{\circ}C$, and experiments for the effect of amounts of urea and methylurea on PEO at 16 and $25^{\circ}C$ are also performed. The results show that the chain expansion, by ureas, of PEO of $1.0{\times}10^5$ molecular weight at $16^{\circ}C$ is similar to that of PEO of $8.0{\times}10^3$ molecular weight at $25^{\circ}C$ with respect to the water structure perturbation. Urea and methylurea make the PEO chain expand by the perturbation of water structure around PEO and by the hydrophobic interaction between methylurea and PEO, respectively. PEO of $1.0{\times}10^5$ molecular weight has hydrophobic sites on it, which are roughly classified into two parts; one is the inner hydrophobic groups which can interact between themselves (intramolecular hydrophobic interaction) and prevails at $16^{\circ}C$, and the other is the outer, exposed hydrophobic groups which can interact with the added hydrophobic solute (intermolecular hydrophobic interaction) and prevails at $25^{\circ}C.$