A Study on the Stereochemistry of 1,3-Thiazolidine
A Study on the Stereochemistry of 1,3-Thiazolidine
Journal of the Korean Chemical Society. 1993. Jan, 37(1): 119-130
  • Published : January 20, 1993
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Ma, He-Duck
Park, Shin-Ja
Han, Hoh-Gyu

The stereochemistry of 1,3-thiazolidine sulfoxides 1 in which 3 chiral centres are present in a molecule was elucidated by deuterium exchange and trapping reactions. 3-Acetoxy-1,3-thiazolidines 5 was oxidized to 6 and 8, corresponding $\alpha$-cis 10, $\alpha$-trans 11, $\beta$ -cis 12, and $\beta$ -trans 13 isomers were separated from their diasteromeric mixtures. Sulfoxide 10 was isomerized to more thermodynamically stable isomer 13 under neutral conditions in refluxing benzene or toluene. The methyl hydrogens of 2-methyl group in the sulfoxide 13 and those of the sulfoxide 11 were deuterated by the deuterium incorporation reactions. The intermediate sulfenic acids 25 and 26 derived from the sulfoxides 10 and 12 via sigmatropic rearrangement were trapped by 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (2-MBT) to give disufides 27 and 28 respectively. However, the sulfoxides 11 and 13 were transformed to ring expansion product dihydro-1,4-thiazine 29 under the same reaction conditions. In the presence of acid catalyst, the sulfoxides 10, 11, and 12 were converted to dihydro-1,4-thiazine 29 through the sulfoxide 13 quantitatively. The mechanisms of isomerization of sulfoxides and the formation of 29 were also discussed.