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The Body Measuring Method to Classify Sasang Constitutions
The Body Measuring Method to Classify Sasang Constitutions
Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine. 2002. Apr, 14(1): 51-66
  • Published : April 30, 2002
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Koh, Byung-Hee
Song, Il-Byung
Huh, Mahn-Hoi

Abstract
The main purpose of this study is to differentiate Sasang Constitutions of men and women by measuring 5 parts of the body. By the definitions about Four Chos(����) in ${\ulcorner}$The Discourse on Viscera and Bowels(��ݰ��)${\lrcorner}$, the body is divided into four parts and sets up the five borderlines. They are Top-line, Bosom-line, Stomach-line, Navel-line and Bottom-line. Top-line(�����) is the horizontal distance between Rt. & Lt. Coracoid processes passing through the acupuncture point CV-22(������) or the horizontal distance between Rt. & Lt. beginning points of Axillary lines. Bosom-line(����) is the horizontal distance passing through Rt.& Lt. Nipples. Stomach-line(�߲��) is the horizontal distance passing through Rt.& Lt. acupuncture point ST-19(�����). Navel-line(�����) is the horizontal distance passing through the navel(CV-8; ������) and the acupuncture point ST-25(������). Bottom-line(�����) is the horizontal distance between Rt. & Lt. Anterior Superior Iliac Spine(ASIS). The measured numerical values of Five Lines are the most important factors to classify the Four Constitutions(Taeyangin, Taeumin, Soyangin, Soeumin). Among the five lines, Stomach-line(Middle-line) is the base line to decide Yin and Yang. As a result, I could differentiate the four Constitutions as follows. 1. Taeyangin's Top-line is more than 36cm long. Top-line is the longest. Bottom-line is the shortest. The length-difference between Top-line and Bottom-line is more or less 10cm long. 2. In case of Taeumin, Navel-line is the longest. The numerical values of Middle and Bottom lines are almost the same or Bottom-line is shorter than Middle-line by 1 or 2 cm long. In some special case, the five lines are all the same and the body just looks like a log. 3. In case of Soyangin, just like Taeyangin, Top-line is the longest. Bottom-line is the shortest. The length of Top-line is ranged between 30cm to 35cm long. From Top-line to Bottom-line, the length gradually diminishes each by 2cm: for example, 34-32-30-28-26. 4. In case of Soeumin, the longest one is Bottom-line. Specially, Navel-line is shorter than Middle-line. Bottom-line is longer than the Middle.