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Comparison of Physiological Characteristics, Stomata and DNA Content between Seedling and 5-year-old Somatic Plant (Somatic Embryo Derived-plant) in Liriodendron tulipifera
Comparison of Physiological Characteristics, Stomata and DNA Content between Seedling and 5-year-old Somatic Plant (Somatic Embryo Derived-plant) in Liriodendron tulipifera
Journal of Korean Forest Society. 2013. Dec, 102(4): 537-542
  • Published : December 31, 2013
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Kim, Yong Wook
Moon, Heung Kyu

Abstract
Field performance of somatic plants (somatic embryo derived-plants) of yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) produced from somatic embryogenesis was compared with that of seedlings at age 5. In comparison of photosynthetic rate (seedling, $10.67{\mu}mol$ $CO_2m^{-2}s^{-1}$; somatic plant, $9.04{\mu}mol$ $CO_2m^{-2}s^{-1}$), stomatal conductance rate (seedling, 0.2 $H_2Om^{-2}s^{-1}$; somatic plant, 0.166 $H_2Om^{-2}s^{-1}$) and respiration rate (seedling, 1.71 mmol $H_2Om^{-2}s^{-1}$; somatic plant, 1.513 mmol $H_2Om^{-2}s^{-1}$), no significant differences were found between plants. The seedlings were a little higher in comparison of stomatal density (seedling, $23.33/mm^2$; somatic plant, $22.43/mm^2$), length (seedling, $25.83{\mu}m$; somatic plant, $23.46{\mu}m$) and width (seedling, $15.87{\mu}m$; somatic plant, $15.3{\mu}m$). In comparison of DNA content of the leaves using flow cytometry, no differences in ploidy level were found between the seedlings and somatic plants.
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