Study on Resistance Component of Container Ship According to Trim Conditions
Study on Resistance Component of Container Ship According to Trim Conditions
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology. 2015. Dec, 29(6): 411-417
  • Published : December 31, 2015
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Han Ki-Min
Park Hyun-Suk
Seo Dae-Won

The shipping and shipbuilding industries have had business difficulties since the implementation of regulations on the CO<sub>2</sub> emissions from ships by IMO and the occurrence of the global financial crisis in 2008. Under this global recession, most shipping firms have started to operate their fleets at slow steaming rates with the goal of improving the profit ratio per transported unit. This study analyzed the resistance performance of a 6,800 TEU container ship corresponding to its trim variation with slow steaming, compared with that at its original design speed. Two different grid systems were used for the numerical calculation, one that considered the free surface allowing the capture of the dynamic trim and one that did not. This made it possible to clearly classify each resistance component to provide useful information to hull-form designers. In addition, a form factor assumption method using CFD was used for a reasonable effective power prediction in compliance with the 1978 ITTC performance prediction method. It was found that the total resistance of a 6,800 TEU container ship was reduced by 2.6% in the case of a 1-m trim at the bow at 18 kn.