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THERMAL EFFECTS OF EYELID IN HUMAN EYE TEMPERATURE MODEL
THERMAL EFFECTS OF EYELID IN HUMAN EYE TEMPERATURE MODEL
Journal of applied mathematics & informatics. 2014. Sep, 32(5_6): 649-663
  • Received : November 22, 2013
  • Published : September 30, 2014
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Gokul K.C.
Gurung D.B.
Adhikary P.R.

Abstract
Presence of eyelid on anterior ocular surface and its thermal effects play significant role in maintaining eye temperature. In most of the literatures of thermal modeling in human eye, the eyelid is not considered as an eye component. In this paper, finite element model is developed to investigate the thermal effects of eyelid closure and opening in human eye. Based on different properties and parameter values reported in literatures, the bio-heat transfer process is simulated and compared with experimental results in steady and transient state cases. The sensitivity analysis using various ambient temperatures, evaporation rates, blood temperatures and lens thermal conductivities is carried out. The temperature values so obtained in open eye show a good agreement with past results. The closure of eyelid is found to increase/decrease the eye temperature significantly than its opening, when the parameter values are considered to be at extreme.
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