Stem cell niche as a prognostic factor in leukemia
Stem cell niche as a prognostic factor in leukemia
BMB Reports. 2015. Aug, 48(8): 427-428
Copyright © 2015, Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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  • Received : July 19, 2015
  • Published : August 31, 2015
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Ga-Young, Lee
Jin-A, Kim
Il-Hoan, Oh

Despite high interests on microenvironmental regulation of leukemic cells, little is known for bone marrow (BM) niche in leukemia patients. Our recent study on BMs of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients showed that the mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are altered during leukemic conditions in a clinical course-dependent manner. Leukemic blasts caused reprogramming of transcriptomes in MSCs and remodeling of niche cross-talk, selectively suppressing normal primitive hematopoietic cells while supporting leukemogenesis and chemo-resistance. Notably, differences in BM stromal remodeling were correlated to heterogeneity in subsequent clinical courses of AML, i.e., low numbers of mesenchymal progenitors at initial diagnosis were correlated to complete remission for 5-8 years, and high contents of mesenchymal progenitor or MSCs correlated to early or late relapse, respectively. Thus, stromal remodeling by leukemic cell is an intrinsic part of leukemogenesis that can contribute to the clonal dominance of leukemic cells over normal hematopoietic cells, and can serve as a biomarker for prediction of prognosis. [BMB Reports 2015; 48(8): 427-428]
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This study was supported by NRF, Korea and funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (No. 2011-0019352).