A pagurid hermit crab,
that was collected from the deep water of the East Sea, Korea, has been newly recorded in the Korean fauna. The present record extends the geographic distribution of the species to Korean waters in the East Sea and extends the bathymetric range to 500 m. Morphological and distributional accounts of this species are presented with illustrations.
Fabricius, 1775 contains 173 species worldwide (McLaughlin et al., 2010). However, only 27 species have been reported in the Korean waters (Kim, 1973; Oh, 2000; Kim and Son, 2006). Of the 27
species known to exist in the Korean waters, little has been published on the deep-water hermit crabs in the East Sea. During a faunal study of hermit crabs in the Korean waters, new records of
(Benedict, 1892) were collected from the Korean waters of the East Sea at depths of 500 m. This species is widely distributed in the North Pacific (McLaughlin, 1974; Komatsu and Komai, 2009), but this is new record in the Korean pagurid fauna. The Korean material of
is described and illustrated.
Terminology used here is mainly based on that of McLaughlin (2003). Shield length (sl) is used as an indication of the size of the specimen, measured from the tip of the rostrum to the midpoint of the posterior margin of the shield.
Materials and Methods
Two ♂♂ (sl 11.0, 14.0 mm), Imwon, Kangwon-do, East Sea, Korea, 1 Oct 2010, trawl from 500 m depth (PUIZ 165).
Results and Discussion
Pagurus rathbuni (Benedict, 1892)
(Korean name: Teol-balmok-chamjipge)
Order Decapoda Latreille, 1802
Family Paguridae Latreille, 1802
- Restricted synonymy
Benedict, 1892: 14 (type locality: Bearing Sea, 56°18´N, 164°34´W).
: MaLaughlin, 1974: 298, figs. 78-80 (see full synonymy); Komatsu and Komai, 2009: 592.
Pagurus rathbuni (Benedict, 1892). Male (shield length 14.0 mm, PUIZ 165). (A) Shield and cephalic appendages, dorsal view. (B) Entire right cheliped, dorsal view. (C) Entire right cheliped, mesial view. (D) Entire left cheliped, dorsal view. (E) Entire left cheliped, mesial view. Scale bars: A-E = 7 mm.
A) almost naked, as wide as or slightly broader than long; rostrum triangular, with overreaching broadly triangular lateral projections; anterior margin between rostrum and lateral projections concave. Ocular peduncle (
A) 0.6 times as long as shield; each with a longitudinal row of short setae on the dorsomedial surface; corneas slightly dilated. Antennular peduncle (
A) long, exceeding ocular peduncles by 0.75 length of ultimate segment with supernumerary segmentation. Antennal acicle long, usually reaching distal half of ultimate antennal segment. Right cheliped (
C) considerably larger than the left. Chela (
B) approximately twice as long as broad, subovate in dorsal view. Dactylus (
B) approximately half that of palm length, usually leaving narrow hiatus when closed. Dorsal surface with small, simple granules and scattered very short setae; cutting edge with calcareous teeth proximally and small corneous teeth distally; terminating in strong corneous claw overlapped by a fixed finger. Fixed finger (
B) with obtuse calcareous teeth proximally, terminating in small corneous or calcareous claw. Palm (
B) longer than carpus; dorsal surface with small spines or tubercles; dorsolateral margin with a row of moderately prominent spines, increasing in size distally; mesial face with small-spines; ventral surface usually with simple or bifid, spinulose tubercles and tufts of setae (
C). Carpus (
C) almost equaling length of merus; dorsal surface scattered with small conical spines; dorsomesial distal angle with prominent shallow depression and several small spines obscured by a patch of dense, moderately long fine setae; ventral surface convex, with small blunt tubercles and tufts of setae. Merus (
C) subtriangular; dorsal surface with irregular spinulose protuberances and tufts of short setae; dorsodistal
Pagurus rathbuni (Benedict, 1892). (A) Right second pereopod, lateral view. (B) Distal part of dactylus, right second pereopod. (C) Left third pereopod, lateral view. (D) Right fourth pereopod, lateral view. (E) Telson, dorsal view. Scale bars: A, C, E = 7 mm, D = 2 mm.
margin with slender spines; ventral surface with scattered small spines and tufts of setae. Left cheliped (
E) slender and moderately shorter than right. Chela (
D) about 2.7 times longer than wide. Dactylus (
D) about twice as long as palm, with small spines and tufts of setae on the surface; cutting edge of fixed finger (
D) with small calcareous teeth. Palm (
D) approximately half as long as carpus with oblique, concave dorsolateral surface; dorsal surface elevated medially with moderately strong ridge armed with spines; dorsolateral margin with a single or double row of moderately prominent small spines. Carpus (
E) almost equals length of merus; dorsal surface with small spinulose tubercles; dorsolateral and dorsomesial margins slightly elevated, each having a row of spines; long setae on a weakly convex ventral surface. Merus (
E) subtriangular, slightly compressed laterally; dorsal surface with irregular spinulose protuberances and tufts of setae; ventral surface with scattered small spines and tufts of setae. Ambulatory legs (
C) moderately long, slightly overreaching right cheliped; dactyli longer than propodi, somewhat twisted, bearing a row of corneous spinules that become dense distally on almost entire length of ventral margins (
B); dorsal margins of propodi and carpi not spinose with row of tufts of setae. Fourth pereopods (
D) subchelate; propodal rasp composed of numerous corneous scales arranged irregularly. Telson (
E) with posterior lobes slightly asymmetrical, separated by small median cleft; terminal margins each with four moderately strong spines.
Shield, posterior carapace, ocular peduncles and chelipeds generally reddish-orange; ambulatory legs generally light orange with darker bands at distal ends of propodi, carpi and meri.
East Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean to Point Barrow, Ibaraki Prefecture in northeastern Honshu, Japan; 9-500 m.
(Benedict, 1892) exhibits a consistent sexually dimorphic character with a patch of setae at the dorsomesial distal angle of the right carpus in males only (McLaughlin, 1974). The present specimens agree well with McLaughlin’s (1974) description, especially the patch of setae at the dorsomesial distal angle of the right carpus. The present specimens, however, had long dactyli on ambulatory legs, which may decrease with growth in the species.
is usually observed at depths of 9-210 m and is geographically distributed in the East Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, and the Arctic Ocean to Point Barrow (MaLaughlin, 1974). Recently, the geographic and depth range of the species has extended southward to Ibaraki Prefecture in northeastern Honshu to depths of 420 m (Komatsu and Komai, 2009). The present records extend the geographic distribution of the species even farther, to the Korean waters of the East Sea, and the bathymetric range is extended to 500 m.
Preliminary descriptions of thirty-seven new species of hermit crabs of the genus Eupagurus in the U. S. National Museum.
Proc U S Natl Mus
Illustrated Encyclopedia of Fauna and Flora of Korea. Vol. 14. Anomura and Brachyura.
Samhwa Publishing Co. Ltd.
Hermit Crabs in Korean Waters.
Academy Publishing Company, Inc.
Thalassinidea, Anomura and Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) from Northeastern Japan collected during the “research on deep-sea fauna and pollutants off Pacific Coast of Northern Japan” Project.
Natl Mus Nat Sci Monogr
The hermit crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Paguridea) of northwestern North America.
Illustrated keys to families and genera of the superfamily Paguroidea (Crustacea: Decapod: Anomura), with diagnoses of genera of Paguridea.
Mem Mus Vic
Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea). Part I. Lithodoidea, Lomisoidea and Paguroidea.
Raffles Bull Zool
Anomuran fauna from Geudo Island in Jinhae Bay.
Underwater Sci Tech