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CPW-fed to CPS Dipole Antenna of Microstrip Tapered Balun with Triangular Loop Director
CPW-fed to CPS Dipole Antenna of Microstrip Tapered Balun with Triangular Loop Director
Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology. 2014. Jul, 9(4): 1365-1368
Copyright © 2014, The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
  • Received : April 22, 2013
  • Accepted : January 24, 2014
  • Published : July 01, 2014
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About the Authors
Hyeonjin Lee
Corresponding Author: Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Dongkang College University, Korea.(hyeonjin@dkc.ac.kr)

Abstract
A CPW-fed to CPS dipole antenna of triangular loop director by microstrip tapered balun is proposed for dual and wide band operations, in this paper. The proposed antenna is consisted of a CPW-fed to CPS transform, microstrip tapered balun element, CPS dipole driver and triangular loop director. A dual and wide bandwidth of the proposed dipole antenna is realized by introducing the triangular loop director and taper matching element. The operated frequency bandwidth is 1GHz (2.14~3.14 GHz) and 1.9 GHz (4.6~6.5 GHz) to return loss criterion of less than 10 dB. The measured return loss of the proposed antenna showed good results of the dual and wide band operating frequency and the radiation pattern. The proposed antenna is able to support WLAN wireless communications applications.
Keywords
1. Introduction
Recently, coplanar transmission lines have become more acceptable for many microwave applications. A coplanar transmission lines have several features which make them attractive for use in microwave integrated circuit (MIC) and monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) structures. Coplanar waveguide (CPW) and coplanar strip (CPS) transmission lines have become more attractive for many microwave and millimeter-wave applications [1] . A conventional CPW-fed to CPS dipole antenna consists of a driven element, a reflector, and some directors. This printed dipole antenna structure is simple to build, light weight, and low cost. The proposed dipole antenna had not director, directly, but instead parasitical triangular loop to the director. The CPW-fed CPS dipole antenna can achieve a relatively high gain with low cost [2] . Traditionally, CPW-fed to CPS dipole antennas are designed using wire dipole or printed dipole antennas. In 1991, Huang presented a design of the CPW-fed CPS dipole antenna based on microstrip patches [3] . In recent years, an interesting configuration of the printed CPW-fed to CPS dipole antenna has been researching printed dipole, which was modified and optimized for wanted characteristic [4 - 6] . The driver is fed by the odd-mode current of a CPS [7 - 8] . The CPS line is connected to a microstrip line through a microstrip tapered balun CPW-fed. A wide band frequency of the CPW-fed to CPS dipole antenna is realized by introducing the triangular loop director. In this paper is compared the operated bandwidth between the proposed CPW-fed to CPS dipole antenna to the conventional antenna. The simulation process was carried out using Hfss software. These antennas were fabricated using inexpensive Fire Retardant-4 (FR4) board, using wet etching techniques.
2. Design of Dual and Wide-band CPW-fed to CPS Dipole Antenna
The proposed antenna is printed on a 1.52 mm-thick dielectric substrate with ε r =5.3, the fed structure consists of a CPW-fed to CPS transmission line with microstrip tapered balun as shown in Fig. 1.
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The geometry of proposed antenna.
The CPW-fed to CPS dipole antenna and triangle loop director is printed on single plane of the substrate. The microstrip tapered balun is printed on ground plane the same side acts as the matching element. A driver length of approximately a quater wavelength (D) at 6 GHz is used in the design, where D is about 14 mm. The length of the parallel strips (CPS) is about FL=λ/2. The CPS transmission line is designed to act as a half wavelength transformer between the driver and the CPW to CPS line. The CPW and the CPS are operating in the odd-mode at all frequencies. Using this fed structure, the return losses are reduced compared to the designed convention dipole antenna [5] . The parameters for this proposed antenna are shown at Table 1. In this design, the total length of the dipole is 50 x 50 x 1.572 [mm], which is much shorter than used in a conventional CPW-fed CPS dipole antenna.
Design parameters of proposed antenna
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Design parameters of proposed antenna
3. Experimental Results
Fig. 2 is shown the reflection coefficient according to change value of Tr_W at structure of Fig. 1. Here, the maximal resonance properties obtained at 3 mm when value of Tr_W changed from 3 to 4 mm. According decreased the width of Tr_W, return loss coefficient of the first and second resonance show satisfactory result.
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Return loss against variable Tr_W.
Fig. 3 is shown the reflection coefficient according to change value of Tr_L at structure of Fig. 1. When value of Tr_L changed from 15 to 16.5 mm by step 0.5mm, the maximal bandwidth property obtained about 15 mm. According increased the length of Tr-L, return loss coefficient of the first resonance band show satisfactory result, but second resonance band were unsatisfactory return loss coefficient.
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Return loss against variable Tr_L.
Fig. 4 is shown the reflection coefficient according to change value of Tap_L at structure of Fig. 1. When value of Tap_L changed from 9 to 12 mm by step 1 mm, the properties of maximal bandwidth obtained as Tap_L was 12 mm. According to decrease the length of Tap_L, return loss coefficient of the first resonance band shown bad characteristic and the second resonance band shown unsatisfactory characteristic.
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Return loss against variable Tap_L.
Fig. 5 is shown the reflection coefficient according to change value of Tap_W at structure of Fig. 1. When value of Tap_W changed from 9.8 to 11.4 mm by step 0.4 mm, the properties of maximal bandwidth obtained as Tap_W was 10.2 mm. According to be variable the length of Tap_W, the first and the second band of proposed fat dipole antenna didn’t transform nearly characteristic of return loss coefficient as shown Fig. 5.
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Return loss against variable Tap_W.
The impedance of proposed fat dipole antenna was shown Fig. 6. The real impedance of solid line matched around normal value of characteristic impedance and the imaginary impedance of dot line converged around zero value, as shown Fig. 6. Therefore, the proposed antenna could obtain good radiation gain, because it was good optimized.
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Real and imaginary impedance of the proposed antenna.
The measured and simulated return loss of the proposed dipole antenna is shown in Fig. 6. This antenna had two distinct operating frequencies of 2.06~3.06 and 4.65~6.55 GHz, respectively. The return loss bandwidth of proposed antenna was about 1GHz and 1.9GHz. Also, this antenna is shifted to low frequency band frequency of 1.9GHz from general resonation band of 6GHz.
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Simulated and measured return loss of proposed antenna.
The far-field radiation patterns were measured the both electrical and magnetic field planes, that is to say E-plane and H-plane patterns for 2.4 GHz, 5.04 GHz, and 6.01 GHz are shown in Fig. 9.
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Photograph of manufactured antenna
The dual frequency antenna was constructed and tested. The antenna pattern for the dual frequency antenna is virtually identical to the pattern shown in Fig. 8. The radiation pattern as well as the E and H-plane are typical of normal dipoles. Because there is no ground plane, radiation is obtained in a full 360 degrees.
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Radiation patterns for proposed antenna at 2.6, 5045, 6.1 GHz.
4. Conclusion
This paper is presented a wide band operated antenna that is realized by introducing the triangular loop director. This proposed antenna used to CPW-fed to CPS with MTB. The MTB is microstrip patch of triangle type that is bottom side of broad width. This antenna achieved a frequency bandwidth of 40% and showed good radiation characteristics. A wide band frequency of the proposed antenna is realized by introducing triangle loop director. The measured return loss shows very good matching at normal characteristic impedance. It was design a simple and effective feeding structure, had adequate operational bandwidth, and had suitable radiation patterns such that it was commercially suitable for use in WLAN applications.
BIO
Hyeonjin Lee He received Ph.D degree in microwave engineering from Chonnam National University. His research interests are microwave engineering, antenna design and electromagnetic analysis.
References
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