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First Record of the Mysids, Genus <italic>Erythrops</italic> (Crustacea: Mysida: Mysidae) from Korea
First Record of the Mysids, Genus Erythrops (Crustacea: Mysida: Mysidae) from Korea
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity. 2012. Apr, 28(2): 97-104
Copyright ©2012, The korean Society of Systematic Zoology
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • Received : March 03, 2012
  • Accepted : April 04, 2012
  • Published : April 30, 2012
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About the Authors
Mijin Kim
School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747, Korea
Sung Joon Song
National Park Research Institute, Namwon 590-811, Korea
Abstract
The tribe Erythropini Hansen, 1910 belonging to the subfamily Mysinae Haworth, 1825, is one of the peculiar groups mainly found in the pelagic or deep sea. Of these, the genus Erythrops G.O. Sars, 1869 including two mysids, Erythrops minuta Hansen, 1910 and Erythrops nana W. Tattersall, 1922, is reported for the first time from Korea. The genus is easily distinguished from other genera by the antennal scale with a terminal strong spine, the carpus of third to eighth thoracopods divided into the propodus by an oblique articulation, and the trapezial telson. The morphological descriptions and the illustrations of these species are given with photographs. As a result of this study, 49 species of mysids including these two species are now recorded in the Korean fauna.
Keywords
INTRODUCTION
The tribe Erythropini Hansen, 1910 belonging to the sub-family Mysinae, is a peculiar group mainly found in the pelagic or deep sea (Ii, 1964). Although it consists of about 300 species of 50 genera worldwide, the fauna of Korean mysids is poorly known compared with that of other regions. So far only 4 species of 4 genera belonging to the tribe Ery-thropini have reported from Korea: Holmesiella anomala Ortmann, 1908, Hypererythrops zimmeri Ii, 1937, Metery-throps microphthalmus W. Tattersall, 1951, and Pleurery-throps secunda Murano, 1970. In the present study, the genus Erythrops G.O. Sars, 1869 including two species, Erythrops minuta Hansen, 1910 and Erythrops nana W. Tattersall, 1922, is reported for the first time from coastline of south Korea. They are typically distinguished by the following characteristics: 1) antennal scale terminating in a strong spine, 2) endopod of third to eighth thoracopods long and slender, carpus divided into propodus by oblique articulation,propodus 2-segmented, and 3) telson very short and trapezi-form in shape.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
These species were collected from shallow waters by a light trap. Specimens were preserved in 70% ethyl alcohol and illustrations were drawn with the aid of compound micro-scope (Model BX-60; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) fitted with a drawing tube. Images were recorded using a digital camera (Model D7000; Nikon, Tokyo, Japan), and produced with Helicon Focus software (Model Helicon Focus; Helicon Soft Ltd., Kharkov, Ukraine). Body length was measured from the tip of the rostrum to the distal apex of the telson exclud-ing the spine. The simple setae and plumage of the plumose setae on the margin of antennae, antennules, mouthparts, and uropods are omitted from the figures. Terminology for the dissection and measurement is after Tattersall and Tattersall (1951). All specimens have been deposited in the Marine Arthropod Depository Bank of Korea (MADBK), Seoul National University.
SYSTEMATIC ACCOUNTS
  • Order Mysida Haworth, 1825
  • Family Mysidae Dana, 1850
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Erythrops minuta Hansen 1910 male. Whole animal 4.0 mm.
  • Subfamily Mysinae Haworth, 1825
  • Tribe Erythropini Hansen, 1910
  • 1*GenusErythropsG.O. Sars, 1869
  • 2*Erythrops minutaHansen, 1910 (Figs. 1-3)
Erythrops minuta Hansen, 1910: 64; W. Tattersall, 1922: 462, fig. 9a-b; Ii, 1964: 352, fig. 89; Pillai, 1965: 1704, fig. 49; Mauchline and Murano, 1977: 54; Müller, 1993: 86.
Material examined . 2♂♂, Korea: Jeollabuk-do, Gunsan-si, 6 Jul 2006.
Description . Carapace ( Fig. 2 A) with anterior margin pro-duced into low triangular rostral plate with blunted tip, reach-ing base of first segment of antennular peduncle; posterior margin emarginated, antero-lateral corners rounded form.
Eye ( Figs. 1 , 2 A) rather small, reaching end of second seg-ment of antennular peduncle; cornea reniform, occupying half of whole eye; eyestalk without denticles.
Antennal scale ( Fig. 2 B) lanceolate with round apex, about 3.5-4 times as long as broad; distal suture scarcely develop-ed; inner margin convex with setae; outer margin slightly convex without setae, bearing terminal one strong spine and 4 additional stout spines which arranged at almost equal in-tervals along margin. Antennal peduncle ( Fig. 2 B) 3-seg-mented; first segment unarmed; second one with 3 simple setae on distal margin; third one with 2 simple setae on distal margin, subequal to first.
Antennular peduncle ( Fig. 2 C) 3-segmented; first segment subequal to third in length, with well developed processus masculinus covered in hirsute hair (hair omitted in figure); second and third segments unarmed.
Mandibular palp ( Fig. 2 E) 3-segmented; second segment slightly swollen, 1.5 times as long as third.
Maxilla, and endopod of first and second thoracopods ( Fig. 2 D, F, G) showing no marked difference from those in other species.
Endopod of third to eighth thoracopods all broken and ex-tremely damaged due to bad condition of specimens.
Pleopod of male ( Fig. 3 A, B) well developed and biramous; both endopod and exopod 6-segmented and subequal in length.
Inner uropod ( Fig. 3 C) without spines in ventral statocyst region; outer uropod 1.2 times longer than inner one.
Telson ( Fig. 3 D) broadly distinct trapezoidal form; lateral margin of proximal 1/4 naked, remaining region armed with several serrulates closely; apex broadly truncated, 2/5 length of base, bearing 2 pairs of stout spines and 1 pair of secon-dary plumose setae; inner ones 1.5 times longer than outer ones and secondary plumose setae very long, almost twice as long as outermost spines.
Distribution . Korea (present study), Japan, Malaysia, Thai-land, Singapore, and Taiwan.
Remarks . Two present specimens agree well with Hansen’s (1910) original description of E. minuta except for one char-acter. They had four arranged spines excluding apical teeth on the outer margin of the antennal scale. The number of spines on that region, however, was 3 in both the record of Hansen (1910) and the illustration of Tattersall (1922), and 2 in the description of Ii (1964). It may be attributable to the local variation.
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Erythrops minuta Hansen 1910 male. A Anterior part of carapace and cephalic appendages; B Antenna; C Antennule; D Maxilla; E Mandible; F Endopod of first thoracopod; G Second thoracopod. Scale bars: A=0.2 mm B-E G=0.1 mm F=0.05 mm.
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Erythrops minuta Hansen 1910 male. A Third pleopod; B Fourth pleopod; C Inner uropod; D Telson. Scale bars: A-D=0.1 mm.
  • 1*Erythrops nanaW. Tattersall, 1922 (Figs. 4-6)
Erythrops nana W. Tattersall, 1922: 463, fig. 10a-c; Pillai, 1965: 1704, fig. 48; Mauchline and Murano, 1977: 54; Müller, 1993: 86.
Material examined . 1♂, Korea: Gyeongsangnam-do: Tong-yeong-si, Yokji-myeon, Isl. Yokjido, 8 Dec 2010, in light trap; 3♂♂, 1♀, Nodae-ri, Isl. Sangnodaedo, 31 Aug 2011, in light trap.
Description . Carapace ( Fig. 5 A) with anterior margin pro-duced into triangular rostral plate with pointed tip, reaching half of first segment of antennular peduncle; posterior mar-gin emarginated, antero-lateral corners pointed form.
Eye ( Figs. 4 , 5 A) normal, cornea distinct reniform in dor-
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Erythrops nana W. Tattersall 1922 male. Whole animal 3.7 mm.
sal view, occupying 1/3 of whole eye; eyestalk elongated without denticles.
Antennal scale ( Fig. 5 B) lanceolate with round apex, about 4 times as long as broad; distal suture occupying 1/11 of whole length; inner margin nearly straight with setae; outer margin slightly concave, without setae, and terminating one strong spine. Antennal peduncle ( Fig. 5 B) 3-segmented; second segment with 2 simple setae on distal margin, twice as long as first; third segment longest, with 2 simple setae on distal margin.
Antennular peduncle ( Fig. 5 C) 3-segmented; first segment equal to third in length, about 2 times as long as second one, with large processus masculinus covered in hirsute hair (hair omitted in figure).
Maxilla ( Fig. 5 D) armed with plumose setae along margin; endopod 2-segmented, second segment about 1.7 times as long as broad; exopod broad and round in shape.
Maxillule, mandible ( Fig. 5 E, F), and endopod of first and second thoracopods ( Fig. 5 G, H) showing no remarkable characteristics.
Endopod of third to eighth thoracopods ( Fig. 6 A-D) with 3-subsegmented carpopropodus; proximal segment of carpo-propodus longest, distal articulation distinctly oblique, re-maining two segments half as long as first one, dactylus slen-der; basal plate of exopod of thoracopods narrow without spinules.
Pleopod of male ( Fig. 6 E, F) well developed, biramous; both endopod and exopod 5-segmented and subequal in length.
Inner uropod ( Fig. 6 G) without spines in ventral statocyst region; outer uropod 1.2 times longer than inner one.
Telson ( Fig. 6 H) broadly trapezoidal form; lateral margin of proximal 1/5 point strongly convex, naked as whole; apex broadly truncated, usually armed with 3 pairs of stout spines and 1 pair of secondary plumose setae, occasionally extra outermost spine in one side; innermost spines half as long as telson, subsequent pair of spines 2/3 length than inner ones, and outermost spines especially very short, less half as long as medium spines; secondary plumose setae very long, twice as long as medium spines.
Distribution . Korea (present study), Japan, and Andaman Island (Indian Ocean).
Remarks . Erythrops nana was briefly described on the basis of remarkable characters in the original description of W. Tattersall (1922). After that, this species was also described with main characters and recorded with simple illustration. Therefore, the full description and figures of this species are reported in the present study. The examined specimens coin-cide with previous records except two minor differences: 1) Tattersall and Tattersall (1951) noted that the genus Erythrops had the antennal scale without distal suture. On the other hand, the distal suture was observed in this study as well as other previous studies (W. Tattersall, 1922; Pillai, 1965); 2) The number of spines on the distal part of the telson were three pairs in the all previous studies, while some of our specimens had extra one spine on one side. This difference may be attributable to the individual variation.
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Erythrops nana W. Tattersall 1922 male. A Anterior part of carapace and cephalic appendages; B Antenna; C Antennule; D Maxilla; E Maxillule; F Mandible; G Endopod of first thoracopod; H Endopod of second thoracopod. Scale bars: A=0.2 mm B-D F-H=0.1 mm E=0.05 mm.
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Erythrops nana W. Tattersall 1922 male. A Fourth thoracopod; B Fifth thoracopod; C Seventh thoracopod; D Endopod of eighth thoracopod; E Third pleopod; F Fourth pleopod; G Inner uropod; H Telson. Scale bars: A-H=0.1 mm.
Korean name: 1*짧은꼬리곤쟁이속 (신칭), 2*톱니가시곤쟁이 (신칭)
Korean name: 1*짧은꼬리곤쟁이 (신칭)
Acknowledgements
The present study was supported by a grant from Marine Bio-technology Programme funded by Ministry of Land, Trans-port and Maritime affairs of the Korean Government.
References
Hansen HJ 1910 The Schizopoda of the Siboga expedition. Siboga Expeditie 37 1 - 123
Ii N 1964 Fauna Japonica Mysidae. Biogeographical Society of Japan Tokyo 1 - 610
Mauchline J , Murano M 1977 World list of the Mysidacea Crustacea. Journal of the Tokyo University of Fisheries 64 39 - 88
Müller HG 1993 World catalogue and bibliography of the re-cent Mysidacea. Wissenchaftlicher Verlag Tropical Pro-ducts Trading Center Wetzlar 1 - 238
Pillai NK 1965 A review of the work of shallow-water Mysi-dacea of the Indian waters. Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea 5 1681 - 1728
Tattersall WM 1922 Indian Mysidacea. Records of the Indian Museum 24 445 - 504
Tattersall WM , Tattersall OS 1951 The British Mysidacea. Ray Society London 1 - 460