The taxonomy of marine littoral species of the genus
Stephens in Korea is presented. The genus and two species-
Sharp-are identified for the first time in the Korean Peninsula. Redescriptions of
with an illustration of its habitus and line drawings are provided.
Approximately 400 staphylinid species confined to seashore habitats have been identified worldwide and 31 species in 14 genera are known in Korea (Frank and Ahn, in press). While preparing a checklist of the Korean coastal Staphylinidae, we recognized the genus
Stephens including two species-
(Sharp, 1874) and
Sharp, 1889 -as new records for the Korean Peninsula. They were collected under seaweed on a sandy beach.
is recognized by the combination of the following features: head and pronotum covered with punctures; maxillary palpomere 4 needle-like and glabrous, antennae straight; gular sutures separate, subparallel or convergent posteriorly from middle; neck wider than a third of head width; pronotum as long as or slightly longer than wide; apex of the hind tibia with ctenidium or series of bristles on external side; posterior margin of male sternite VIII emarginated.
Sharp first described
from Japan in 1874 and 1889, respectively. These two species have not been described in detail since the original description, although Adachi (1955) provided a key to these species, including other terrestrial
This paper presents re-descriptions of
with illustrations of the diagnostic characters. Both are reported for the first time in Korea. The specimens studied have been deposited in the Chungnam National University Insect Collection (CNUIC), Daejeon, Korea.
Order Coleoptera Linnaeus, 1758
Family Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802
Subfamily Paederinae Fleming, 1821
1*Genus MedonStephens, 1833
- Key to the Korean species of the genusMedon
1. Head and pronotum black, feebly impunctated central region present longitudinally and slightly elevated (
A); antero-medial projections of labrum pointed (
B); antennomere 3 longer than pedicel (
H); front tarsus expanded in both genders; hind tarsus more or less wide and short, basal four tarsomeres combined almost 2.3 times as long as apical most; posterior margin of male sternite VII prolonged with 4-7 spines (
- Head and pronotum dark reddish brown, impunctate central region absent (
B); antero-medial projections of labrum blunt (
B); antennomere 3 as long as the pedicel (
E); front tarsus slim in both genders; hind tarsus more or less slim and long, basal four tarsomeres combined almost 2.8 times as long as the apical most; posterior margin of the male sternite VII straight ∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙
M. rubeculus Sharp
(Sharp) (Figs. 1A, 2)
Sharp, 1874: 65 (type locality: Iwoshima and Amakusa, Japan).
: Sharp, 1889: 266; Smetana, 2004: 607.
- Material examined.
Korea: Gangwon Prov.: 1♀, Gangneung-si, Gangmun-dong, Gangmun beach, 37°83′79′′N, 128°87′74′′E, 24 Jul 2003, Park SJ, Jeon MJ, under seaweeds (CNUIC, Daejeon); Gyeongbuk Prov.: 1♂, Pohang-si, Buk-gu, Cheongha-myeon, Cheongjin-ri, 36°10′37.8′′N, 129°23′38.0′′E, 9 m, 27 Aug 2010, Kim TK, Kim YH, Song JH, Lee SG, Jeon JH, under seaweeds (CNUIC, Daejeon); 20♂♂ 22♀♀ (2♂♂ 1♀, on slides), Uljin-gun, Buk-myeon, Nagok-ri, Nagok beach, 37°07′35.1′′N, 129°22′16.7′′E, 13 m, 30 May 2008, Ahn KJ, Lee JG, Kim TK, under seaweeds (CNUIC, Daejeon); Gyeongnam Prov.: 1♂ 1♀ (1♂, on slide), Geoje-si, Gabae-ri, 1 Jul 2000, Ahn KJ, Kim HJ, Jeon MJ, under seaweeds (CNUIC, Daejeon).
Body length 4.0-4.3 mm. Head, pronotum, scutellum and its surrounding area, and abdomen black; mouthparts, antenna, and elytra reddish brown. Head (
A) rectangular, somewhat coarse punctures densely covered, about 1.06 times as wide as long, frons more or less depressed, feebly impunctated central region present longitudinally and slightly elevated, ventral surface covered with microsculpture and fine punctures; antenna inserted lateral-under sides of front of head, insertion invisible from above; tempora about 2.5 times as long as eye; gular sutures closest after middle (
A); labrum (
B) broad, anterior margin with two pairs of projections, medial one pointed, lateral one broad, antero-lateral margin serrate, lateral margin round; mandible curved inwardly, right mandible (
C) with four internal teeth, basal first smaller than second, left mandible (
D) with three internal teeth; inner surface of galea and lacinia fringed with long setae (
E); maxillary palpomere 1 small, about 1.5 times as long as wide, palpomere 2 expanded apically, little curved inwardly, about 2.5 times as long as wide, palpomere 3 pear-shaped, widest apical third, almost 2.4 times as long as wide, palpomere 4 minute, 3.0 times as long as wide (
E); epipharynx with V-shaped setose line, antero-medial region covered with spins; labial palpomere 1 little expanded apically, 1.3 times as long as wide, palpomere 2 widest near middle, about 2.1 times as long as wide, palpomere 3 thin, about 3.8 times as long as wide (
F); mentum (
G) trapezoidal, narrowed anteriorly, anterior fourth of lateral margin emarginate; antenna (
H) reaching to just behind of pronotum, scape robust, longest, 2.3 times as long as wide, pedicel to antennomere 7 distinctly longer than wide, pedicel about 1.5 times as long as wide, antennomere 3 about 2.0 times as long as wide, little narrower (0.89 times) and longer (1.12 times) than pedicel, antennomeres 4-6 subequal, about 1.5 times as long as wide, antennomeres 7-10 subglobluar, antenomere 7 about 1.3 times as long as wide, antennomeres 8-10 subequal, about 1.1 times as long as wide, antennomere 11 water dropshaped,1.6 times as long as wide, 1.4 times as long as antennomere 10. Pronotum (
I) subquadrate, about 1.1 times as long as wide, about 0.9 times as wide and 1.1 times as long as head, widest just behind anterior angle, distinct and shallow punctures present, densely pubescent with dark long setae, impunctate central region present longitudinally elevated, a shallow and narrow furrow present posterior third along midline; prosternum well developed, median area upheaved with short longitudinal carina, prosternal process acute and long, hypomeral projection triangular, well developed. Elytra more or less long, about 1.3 times as wide and
Habitus photographs. A Medon prolixus (Sharp) male4.2 mm; B M. rubeculus Sharp female 3.9 mm.
Medon prolixus. A Head ventral aspect; B Labrum dorsal aspect; C Right mandible ventral aspect; D Left mandible ventral aspect; E Right maxilla ventral aspect; F Labium ventral aspect; G Mentum ventral aspect; H Right antenna ventral aspect; I Pronotum dorsal aspect; J Right elytron dorsal aspect; K Front femur and tibia antero-ventral aspect; L Male sternite VII ventral aspect; M Male sternite VIII ventral aspect; N Male sternite IX ventral aspect; O Aedeagus lateral aspect; P Aedeagusdorsal aspect. Scale bars: A H-P=0.3 mm B-G=0.1 mm.
Medon rubeculus. A Head ventral aspect; B Labrum dorsal aspect; C Right mandible ventral aspect; D Left mandible ventral aspect; E Left antenna ventral aspect; F Right elytron lateral aspect; G Aedeagus lateral aspect; H Aedeagus dorsal aspect. Scale bars: A E-H=0.3 mm B-D=0.1 mm.
1.3 times as long as pronotum, elytron (
J) 2.3 times as long as wide, anterior projection of elytra covered with microsculpture,lateral margins straight and parallel. Front femur stout, apical fourth excavated, antero-ventral part near middle with curved ctenidium; front tibia elongate, basal fourth of inner margin digged, anterior-ventral part with two ctenidiums along tibia, basal one short and end on basal third, another one long and continued apically (
K); front tarsus expanded in both sexes, each tarsomere about 2.0 times as wide as long; hind tarsus more or less wide and short, 6.4 times as long as wide, basal four tarsomeres combined almost 2.3 times as long as apical most, tarsomere 2 almost as long as wide. Aedeagus as in
- Male secondary sexual characteristics.
Postero-median margin of sternite VII prolonged with 4-7 small spines (
L); posterior margin of sternite VIII emarginate, sternal suture sinuate (
M); apical margin of sternite IX weakly emarginate (
N); tergite X covered with scattered setae, apical margin with numerous pubescence.
Korea and Japan (Amakusa, Iwoshima and Yokhohama).
- 1*Medon rubeculusSharp (Figs. 1B, 3)
Sharp, 1889: 264 (type locality: Iwaki and Sapporo, Japan); Smetana, 2004: 608.
- Material examined.
Korea: Gangwon Prov.: 1♂ 2♀♀(on slides), Donghae-si, Donghae-hang, 37°49′10′′N, 129°14′54′′E, 25 Jul 2003, Jeon MJ, under seaweeds (CNUIC, Daejeon); 1♀, Donghae-si, Mukpohang, 37°54′22′′N, 129°11′36′′E, 25 Jul 2003, Park JS, under seaweeds (CNUIC, Daejeon); Chungnam Prov.: 1♀, Seocheon-gun, Jongcheon-myeon, Jangchon-ri, 36°′05′22.4′′N, 126°38′46.6′′E, 6 m, 4 Oct 2010, Lee SG, under seaweeds (CNUIC).
This species is similar to
but can be distinguished by following features: Body length 3.9-4.0 mm; body reddish brown to dark red; head (
A) trapezoidal, narrowed anteriorly, frons area convex; head and pronotum without impunctate central region; labral projections blunt (
B); basal internal tooth of mandible slightly larger than second (
C, D); antennomere 3 almost as long as pedicel; elytra slightly expanded posteriorly, more or less broad, elytron (
F) 2.1 times as long as wide, anterior projection of elytra without microsculpture; front tarsus not expanded, each tarsomere almost as long as wide; hind tarsus more or less slim and long, 8.4 times as long as wide, basal four tarsomeres combined about 2.8 times as long as apical most, tarsomeres 2 about 2.0 times as long as wide; posterior margin of male sternite VII straight; male sternite VIII and IX weekly emarginated, male tergite X with few apical setae; aedeagus as in
Korea, China (Hong Kong) and Japan (Iwaki and Sapporo).
We thank an anonymous reviewer for the helpful comments. This research was supported partially by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2009-0073111) and by the project on survey and excavation of Korean indigenous species of the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR) under the Ministry of Environment, Korea.
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