New Record of Philonthus liopterus (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in Korea
New Record of Philonthus liopterus (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in Korea
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity. 2011. Mar, 27(1): 67-68
Copyright ©2011, The korean Society of Systematic Zoology
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  • Received : November 10, 2010
  • Accepted : March 03, 2011
  • Published : March 31, 2011
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Young Bok, Cho

Philonthus liopterus Sharp is reported for the first time in Korea. A habitus photo and illustration of the male genitalia of this species are provided.
The genus Philonthus Stephens is a large group of the genera of subfamily Staphylininae with approximately 1,255 species worldwide (Herman, 2001) and characterized by the largest lateral macrosetal puncture of the pronotum separated from the lateral margin by little more than the width of the puncture. The apical maxillary palpomere is more or less fusiform,usually more than 1.3 times as long as the penultimate palpomere (Smetana, 1995).
Philonthus samples were collected from Gangwon Province by Mr. Tripotin and identified as Philonthus liopterus Sharp, which is new to Korea. Including this species, a total of 33 species have been recorded in Korean Philonthus fauna. The diagnosis, habitus photo and illustrations of male genitalia of this species are reported.
  • Order Coleoptera Linnaeus, 1758
  • Family Staphylinidae Latreile, 1802
  • GenusPhilonthusStephens, 1829
- 1*Philonthus liopterusSharp, 1889 (Fig. 1)
Philonthus liopterus Sharp, 1889: 36; Schillhammer, 1999:61; Herman, 2001: 2865; Smetana, 2004: 646.
Philonthus kryzhanovskii Tichomirova, 1972: 1973 (treated as synonym of P. liopterus by Schillhammer, 1999).
Philonthus kralianus Hromadka, 1987: 149 (treated as synonym of P. liopterus by Schillhammer, 1999).
- Material examined.
Korea: Gangwon Province: 1♂, Pyeongchang-gun, Jinbu-myeon, Mt. Odaesan near Dongdaesa, Alt. 800 m, 21 Jun-2 Aug 2006, 37°44'31''N, 128°35'71''E, ex ) Malaise trap, P. Tripotin coll.; 1♀, Pyeongchang-gun, Yongpyeong-myeon, Nodong-ri, Nodong Valley, Alt. 900 mm, 23 Jun-3 Aug 2006, 37°42'08''N, 128°28'89''E, ex ) Malaise trap, P. Tripotin coll.
- Diagnosis.
Body length 8.3-9.0 mm, body black but elytra reddish black, strongly glossy, antennae and legs reddish brown. Head suborbiculate, eyes slightly prominent, antenomeres 6-10 wider than long. Pronotum subquadrate but slightly narrowing posteriorly, dorsal rows each with four punctures. Elytra piceous black and sparsely punctuate. Medain lobe of aedeagus very elongate and apical area very sharp, paramere short and apical area very sharp like needle; middle area trapezoidal and dense sensory peg setae present underside.
- Distribution.
Korea, Japan, Russia, and Tajikistan.
- Remark.
This species is identified easily from the other members of Korean Philonthus by strongly shining body and very sharp like needle of apex paramere.
PPT Slide
Lager Image
Philonthus liopterus. A Habitus 8.9 mm; B Ventral view of aedeagus; C Lateral view of aedeagus. Scale bar: B C=0.14 mm.
Korean name: 1*광택좀반날개(신칭)
The author wishes to thank Mr. Tripotin for the valuable rove beetles specimens. This study was supported by the project on survey and excavation of Korean indigenous species of the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR) under the Ministry of Environment, Korea.
Herman LH 2001 Catalog of the staphylinidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): 1758 to the end of the second millennium. V. Staphylinine group (part 2) Staphylininae: Diochini Maorothini Staphylinini Othiini Platyprosopini Staphylinini (Amblopinina Anisolinina Hyptiomina Philonthina). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 265 2441 - 3020
Schillhammer H 1999 Nomenclatoral and distributional notes on the subfamily Staphylininae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Entomological Problems 30 61 - 62
Schillhammer H 1889 The Staphylinidae of Japan. Annals and Magazineof Natural History 28 - 44
Smetana A 1995 Rove beetles of the subtribe Philonthina of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): classificationphylogeny and taxonomic revision. Memoirs on Entomology International Vol. 3 Associated Publishers Gainesville FL 1 - 946
Smetana A , Löbl I , Smetana A 2004 Family Saphylinidae: Omaliinae ProteininaeMicropeplinae Dasycerinae Phleocharinae OlisthaerinaeTachyporinae Trichophyinae Habrocerinae AleocharinaeTrigonurinae Apaticinae Piestinae Osoriinae OxytelinaeOxyporinae Megalopsiinae Steninae Euaesthetinae LeptotyphlinaePseudopsinae Paederinae Staphyliniae Apollo Books Stenstrup In: Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera. Vol. 2: Hydrophiloidea -Histeroidea Staphylinoidea 1 - 942
Tichomirova AL , Gilyarov MS 1972 Staphylinidi (Coleoptera Staphylinidae)Yuzhnovo promorya. In: Ekologiya pochvennykh bezpozvonochnykh Nauka Moscow (in Russian) 144 - 173