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A New Species of the Genus Tetilla (Spirophorida: Tetillidae) from Korea
A New Species of the Genus Tetilla (Spirophorida: Tetillidae) from Korea
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity. 2011. Mar, 27(1): 101-103
Copyright ©2011, The korean Society of Systematic Zoology
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the CreativeCommons Attribution Non-Commercial License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses /by-nc/3.0/)which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • Received : January 01, 2011
  • Accepted : March 03, 2011
  • Published : March 31, 2011
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About the Authors
Eun Jung Shim
Chung Ja Sim
cjsim@hnu.kr
Abstract
A new species in the genus Tetilla , Tetilla hwasunensis n. sp. was collected from Hwasun Harbor, Jejudo Island in 2009. This species differs from T. serica its lack of spherules and from T. radiate by having sigmaspires. Description and figures of the new species are provided.
Keywords
INTRODUCTION
The genus Tetilla Schmidt, 1868 is differentiated from other genera belonging to Tetillidae by a lack of porocalices and distinct cortex consisting of collagen fibers and special cortical megascleres. Approximately 50 species of Tetilla from all parts of the world’s ocean have been described (Hooper and van Soest, 2002). Three species of Tetilla from Korean waters have been reported: T. ovate, T. australis and T. koreana (Thiele, 1898; Bergquist, 1968; Rho and Sim, 1981). Specimens examined in this study were collected during SCUBA diving at a depth of 5m from Hwasun Harbor, Jejudo Island, Korea. All procedures follow the methods of Rützler (1978). Type specimens are deposited in the Natural History Museum, Hannam University (HUNHM).
SYSTEMATIC ACCOUNTS
  • Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836
  • Class Demospongiae Sollas, 1885
  • Subclass Tetractinomorpha Levi, 1953
  • Order Spirophorida Bergquist and Hogg, 1969
  • Family Tetillidae Sollas, 1886
1* Tetilla hwasunensis n. sp. (Figs. 1, 2)
- Type specimen.
Holotype (Por. 104), Hwasun Harbor, Jejudo Island, 2 Sep 2009, Kim SH, by SCUBA diving, at 5 m in depth, HUNHM. Paratype (Por. 104-1), collected with Holotype, HUNHM.
- Description.
Globular shape with one root-like base consisting of spicules and sand, size up to 4.3×3.5×1 cm. A single oscule 5 mm in diameter, opened at center of body. Colour pink in life, beige in ethanol. Texture very compressible. Surface of body even and smooth. Skeletal structure showing radial arrangement without distinct cortex. Bundles of oxeas run from basement to the surface. Surface region densely packed with oxeas and small protriaenes in fence-like structure. Lower part of body with less spongin. Root in base with dense anatriaenes and large protriaenes mixed with sand.
Spicules. Oxeas straight or slightly curved. Anatriaenes very long and curved at tip. Protriaenes long and thin, it’s clad unequally long. Sigmaspires with fine spines.
Megascleres (㎛).
  • Large ∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙1,180-1,830×8-10
  • Small oxeas∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙600-950×4-6
  • Anatriaenes∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙rhabds 1,940-4,500×2-5
  • clads 15-40
  • Large protriaenes∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙rhabds 1,800-2,050×4-7
  • clads 35-60
  • Small protriaenes ∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙rhabds 250-660×1-2
  • clads 75-100
  • Microscleres (μm).
  • Sigmaspires∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙10-15
- Etymology.
The species is named after the type locality, Hwasun Harbor, Jejudo Island.
PPT Slide
Lager Image
Tetilla hwasunensis n. sp. A Holotype; B Sponge in situ; C Skeletal structure; D Oxea (arrow); E Clad of anatriaene; FClad of large protriaene. Scale bars: A=1 cm C=1 mm D=100 ㎛ F=30 ㎛ E=20 ㎛.
- Remarks.
T. hwasunensis n. sp. is similar to both T. serica collected from Japan (Lebwohl, 1914) and T. radiate from Brazil (Selenka, 1879) in globular shape and radial skeletal structure; however, this species is easily distinguished from T. serica by a lack of spherules as microscleres. And the new species has sigmaspires; however, T. radiate doesn’t have spicules. T. australis , reported in Korea (Rho and Sim, 1981), are covered with neumerous conules on the surface, whereas
PPT Slide
Lager Image
Tetilla hwasunensis n. sp. A B Clads of small protriaenes; C D Sigmaspires. Scale bars: A B=50 ㎛ C D= 5 ㎛
the new species has an even surface.
Korean name: 1*화순유두해면 (신칭)
Acknowledgements
This research was supported by a grant from the Marine Biotechnology Programme funded by the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs of the Korean Government. We thank Dr. G.J. Bakus, Department of Biological Science, University of Southern California for his review of the manuscript and S.H. Kim, IN THE SEA KOREA, for providing the specimens.
References
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Hooper JNA , van Soest RWM 2002 Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers New York 1 - 1101
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Rho BJ , Sim CJ 1981 One new species of Tetractinomorpha (Spirophorida) from Chugsan in Korea. The Korean Journal of Zoology 24 145 - 150
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